The village of Mildenhall is located in the Kennet valley, two miles east of Marlborough and four miles west of Ramsbury. The village, which has a population of around 450, is on the east-west road, the B4192, that links Marlborough with Hungerford.
It is served by a Norman church, St John the Baptist, a village pub, the Horseshoe and a village hall which is used by many local interest groups.
Archaeological studies show that the locality has been inhabited since the Iron Age and that the later Roman settlement of Cunetio was located in an area that had already seen development.
Cunetio was on the direct line of the Roman route between London and Bath and formed the crossing point of the route from Winchester through Salisbury and that from Chiseldon to Cirencester.
The Roman town of Cunetio that was built at this junction was located south of the River Kennet and in the area south-east of the present village. This was a sizeable settlement and an important military station. The exact position of Roman Mildenhall was on what is known as the black field south east of the present settlement.
At its foundation Cunetio was apparently unfortified but in the 4th century was enclosed by a stone wall with bastions. When the Romans left, the town probably survived as a small local market into Anglo Saxon times.
It is evident from surviving Saxon charters that both the prehistoric trackways and the Roman roads continued in use after the departure of the Romans, although a new feature of the Saxon period was the growth of roads along river valleys. In Saxon times the site of the settlement moved to the north bank of the Kennet and there is a
Saxon documentary record of an 8th century charter preserved by Glastonbury Abbey to prove its title to formerly royal land at Mildenhall. The name of the village is believed to derive from the Saxon, Mildanhald, meaning Milda's corner, or hollow.
Mildenhall, also known as Minal, is located approximately 2 km east of Marlborough on the road to Ramsbury, where the bulk of the houses straddle that main road.
Houses in Minal are a collection of styles relating to the period in which they were built, rather than any specific village style, where the houses range from the early seventeenth century to the present. ca
An important part of the village is the area surrounding the Church, which has farmhouses belonging to the farms that surround all of Minal, and various houses many of which border the banks of the River Kennet.
The character of Minal is defined by the style of the original buildings which are often red and blue brick cottages with steep pitched thatched roofs, or slate roofs, and a few houses are timber framed.
Minal is also defined by the many footpath links between the village and the watermeadows of the River Kennet, with the countryside interspersed through the village.
Minal has a pub - The Horseshoe Inn, a Village Hall and a children's playground. Because Minal is close to Marlborough, it does not have any shops, though it does have two sites of local employment and several artists.
The Civil parish of Mildenhall, covers a large area from the 240 year old Amity Oak at the intersection of three Parishes, located within the Savernake Forest in the south of the Parish - to Whitechard Bottom in the north at which five Parishes meet - Mildenhall, Ogbourne St Andrew, Ogbourne St George, Aldbourne and Ramsbury. The Amity Oak has the Parish Boundaries carved into it.
Although there are no shops or schools in Minal, there is a lively and active community in it, with a Sports and Social Club, the Village Hall, St. John the Baptist Church and The Horseshoe Inn - a Free House. During the year, there are various activities such as the Village Fete, a Duck Race and Barbecue, Guy Fawkes Bonfire Night and so on.
Copies of this map of Minal are available from Helen Scholes: www.penandinkcalligraphy.co.uk